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January 20, 1961     The Observer
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January 20, 1961

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Official Newspaper of the Rockford Diocese Vol. XXVI---No. 3 I ROCKFORD, JANUARY 20, 1961 14 PAGES MIAMI ~ The head of the Christ or against Christ," Arch- "Rome or Moscow," was greet- Catholic Church in eastern Cuba bishop Perez Serantes implicit- ed by open defiance Irom go'; I I . issued his fourth pastoral letterily threw down the gauntlet to ernment forces. Orgamzedbands in eight months denouncing cam- pro-Red hecklers who tried to of Castro followers crowded the munism in Cuba and said that disrupt the Masses at the Santi- Masses at which the pastoral such pastorals are "the only!ag cathedral on Nov. 13, when his last ant|communist pastoral was read. He stated: "It is certain that we are fighting communism. At this means of publicity left." Archbishop Enrique Perez Serantes of Santiago called on all Cuban Christians to join in a new fight against communism. "We fight because we know that there exist in the world today! only two fronts face to face,"I the 77 year old prelate told his people. "One is made up of those who consciously or uncon- sciously are trying to eliminate God and erase Him from human life." The Archbishop referred ob- liquely to the suppression of freedom of the press under the Castro regime. "We write so many pastorals," he said, "be- cause they are the only means of publicity left to us now that the press, radio and television are a luxury reserved exclusive- ly for those who oppose us." time in life, the hour of fear -- if it ever affected us---has passed." The Archbishop first pointed publicly to communism with Premier Fidel Castro's govern- ment last May, when he said in a pastoral: "We cannot say that was read, and tried to drown out the readings by singing revo- lutionary songs. Militia forces simultaneously demonstrated in the cathedral square. The Archbishop's latest past- oral was drawn up for the feast of the Epiphany (Jan. 6). Under the press controls now in force in Cuba, however, it did not be- come general knowledge outside the Santiago area for over a ~,eek. the enemy is now at the doors, -- because it is already within, speaking loudly as though set- tled in its own domain." Fountain of Moscow Other Cuban bishops had pre- viously warned of the threat of communism to the nation --- and Archbishop P e r e z Serantes himself had Sl~oken against Red influence when he gave qualifi- ed support to the. Castro land reform program 11 months ear- lier. He said at that time he "suspected that the authors of the agrarian law have drunk at the fountain of Moscow and not at that of the Gospel, nor that of the wise papal encyclicals . . ." The prelate again denounced communist encroachment with-~ in the Castro regime last auto-I ber, after the government's sup- I pression of Catholic radio pro- Fighting Communism After declaring that the strug- gle today is basically "with grams in Santiago. Despite the l fact that most of the men whoI fought and won the Castro rev0-) lution were Catholics, he said,I !it was the communists whoI ,reaped the fruits of victory.[ Charging the Reds with trying! ISAYS HAVE RIGHT TO CONSOLATION NEW YORK--(NC)--Bishop Remy August|n, S.M,M said here that in meeting last November with Haitian exiles in Venezuela "I did my duty as bishop and I do not regret it." Bishop August|n, Auxiliary Bishop of the Haitian capital of Port-au-Prince, was expelled from Haiti Jan. 10 after being held in prison 14 hours. He arrived in the U. S. Jan. 12. Archbishop Was Expelled Archbishop Francois Poirier of Port-au-Prince was expelled last Nov. 24 and has returned to his native France. The Holy See announced Jan. 14 that anyone connected with the expulsions of the two pre- lates had incurred excommuni- cation. Following Bishop Augustin's ouster, a Haitian diplomat said the Bishop had been put out of the country for political, not re- ligious reasons. Dates Back to 1957 Haitian Ambassador to Argen- tina Hubert Carre said in Bue- nos Aires that the conflict be- tween the Bishop and the re- gime of Haitian President Fran- cois Duvalier dates back to 1957, when some clergymen al- legedly backed a political op- ponent of Mr. Duvalier in elec- :ions. Ambassador Carre also said :hat that Bishop Augustin last November "had secret meetings with Haitian exiles in Venezue- la who are active adversaries" of the Dural|dr regime. Visited Caracas ing of Nov. 23, contrary to Mr. Carre's statement that he was in that city for three days. While there, the Bishop con- tinued, "besides other Haitians, some exiles also came to see me." Have Right to Consolatio~ ' Could I send them away hnd thus fail in Christian charity?" he asked. "No, they have a right to some consolation in their troubles I tried to bring them some relief in their tribulations and afflictions: I did my duty as a bis.hop and I do not regret it." Bishop Augustin also said that since October, 1956, he has fre- quently traveled abroad as Hai- tian delegate to the Latin Ameri- can B i s h o p s' Conference (CELAM), Concerned For Welfare "On these occasions it has always been a pleasure for me to meet my countrymen living abroad; and indeed, it is my duty as a bishop to be concern- ed with their welfare without bothering about their political affiliations," he said. The Bishop stated that last Bishop Augustin replied in a November he sought to meet statement that he did visit Ca-[with the Haitian ambassadors in racas in November following a Jboth Buenos Aires and Caracas. Marian congress and a meeting t He said, both ambassadors had of the Latin American Bishop in:l just left for Port-au-Prince, but Buenos Aires. l in Buenos Aires he did see the But he said he spent less thanlambassador's secretary "who, 48 hours in Caracas, from the according to reports has since afternoon of Nov. 21 to the morn- been recalled." g CRUSADE!l! Rules, ?ivisions, Prizes See Them All On Page 11 CIVIL WAR DAUGHTERS OF CHARITY--This century-old photograph showing the Daugbters of Charity of St Vincent De Paul outside their quarters at the Lincoln Military Hospital in Washington is ene of the rare items displayed in the exhibit on "Aspects of Civil War Medi- cine" at the National Library of Medicine. The hospital, which President Lincoln often visited, opened in December 1862 and closed in August, 1866, after more than 22,000 Civil War casualties were treated there. During the Civil War at least 571 members of 12 religious orders tended both Union and Confederate troops impartially, serving in hospitals, prisons and emergency aid sta- tions near many of the major battlefields. g ATLANTA, Ga. -- "I want to o back . . . whatever it en- tails." The speaker was Charlayne Hunter, 18, the N e g ro girl whose fight to end racial se- gregation at the University of Georgia has w o n nationwide praise. A convert to Catholicism and a parishioner at St. Paul of the Cross church here, Miss Hunt- er stressed in an interview that her "main purpose for aJtend- ing Georgia was to obtain an educafion with a sound bas Miss Hunter and another Ne- gro student, Hamilton Holmes, 19, were admitted to the state university early in January at the order of Federal Judge W. A Bootle. They were the first Negroes "The Madonna is a pe,rma- nent fixture of my room,' she commented later. She said the statue was a gift from nuns stationed at St. P a u 1 of the Cross church and has always meant much to her. "I took it with me when I :went to Wayne university in De- troit," she said. "When I en- rolled at Georgia, the Madonna naturally went with me. ' Great Consolation She said her Rosary was al- ways with her during her first trying days at the university. Priest, Students Sentenced by Sudanese Court "It was a great consolation," she declared, "especially Wed- nesday evening" -- at the time of the rioting Miss Hunter also praised the university's Newman Club. She said girls f r o m the g r o u p sought her out and w e r e a "bright spot for me." Father Cronan Kelly, club di- rector, visited her and told her that Mass had been offered for her at the club on her first day at the university Later, as Miss Huv.ter and Mr. Holmes prepared to return to the university, Father Kelly stressed in a sermon Jan. 15) 'that "the Catholic Church is color blind." Share the Guilt He said that relatively few ,to destroy the Catholics influ-', ever to enroll in the previously students had taken part in the ence in Cuba and replace it with all-white school, oldest charter-i By Father Patrick O'Connor demonstrations, but a d d e d: communism, he added. "They !ed state university in the na- Society of St. Columban i"Because we are part of the in- are doing this not just step by tion. BERUT, Lebanon -- Father stitution, we must share the. ! Officials of the university in Paolino Dogale, a Sudanese!guilt." step, but in great strides.",~ ,R ~ " '~r~ Athens Ga susnonded Mi s s priest, was sentenced to 12 He urged students not to give f "" : ' ~'~'" "~-" h- years in prison last month in encouragement to violence Archbisho P r z S ra ' nunmr ann mr. noxmes ,n L ~ mid November ":s~Jra] eenLtn~?:d interest of their safety" after wau, accormng, to repor,s zrom even by ?ommg crowds of cur,- " ~' ', --'--,:---- 1"-- -' ~-'-'*~ -'--~ "+bar ~nartoum received acre. ashy seekers wronging tHe two IlUL,JU[/~ kl y ~mt, tAU glLU~ GlllU Ut, ,t~ m/ s P Lr ~,v I,-~,- ,~, #'.Tan 11~ n~ain~t their xne prmst, a iormer mem~e r~egroes. I" f-'" -"Y---'-"---" "B-" of parliament, was found guilty "Don't go to watch " he said ipresence on me campus, ut o . ' " I ~11~ ~ I[TJlt'II~CI " "3 t l ~ h~,o~ r x~, " ~a~ ~h,~- ~r,~.rnprl ox maKmg copies at a c~rcmar Many at the Crucifixion went JL ]L ~LW~l,m~ / I |-~ I*""~* '~'-:" ;" "7 -'~ allegedly written by Christian just to watch" . L unner eeoerat court oruers . " l .] I s*"secondary schoolboys protesting Father Edward ,1" Banks. C . lfle suspension oi me ~wo ~u- ' [ . [ agamst the government s sub- p, of St Paul of the Cross par- - laents was sparKeo vy a crown " ]1[" ' '~ ~ ~ h'h dem sutuung oz ~rmay, me ~osmm ish said Miss Hunter was not ,estLrnatea a~ ~ uuu w ,c- r a as he of I| ,~lb'~T~~lt ~ "11"~ ~ I ~ [ '" r-Ih ly day, fo Sund y, t -afraid at any time during her .l ~ ff T ~.J d ~.JI. ~ ~ ~l ~ I ~ /onstrama outsme me aorrmm y,ficial weekl holida " [ " " " a ' Y Y. ordeal and she's s t i I 1 not wnererams rtunter was st y , [,] "t The circular, of whichonly afraid. ' ing. ' [ By Titus Cranny, S.A. ]founded on fear, hatred, a n d umty and thetr longmg for umty[words whmh He spoke. Ask and[ [from 120 to 150 copras were said ~.~*; "- ~h,~-,~, Arr~; ~ "" 1 er ,~-,*~ -, ,~ uo name, N gg [ Graymoor, Garrison, N. Y. ]slavery. Satan wants to umte ]s not m the same perspechvelyou shall receive, knock and ~t] [to have been made, proposed a, a hod wmdows m ' a eful means Smce her converston m De In the Christmas liturgy our]men in evil and drag them to as the Catholic view, but thelshall be opened unto you;] Rioters sm's " " [protest 'by pe c " " " " [divine Lord is called the king]hell. This is the mystical body[ realization is there and the de-]search and you shall find!' May]the dormitory, exploded f i r e-[for purely religious reasons It cember, 1958, she has been ac- ]of neace Isaias h a d foretold]of the devil--in contrast to the' sire to achieve unity They pray[He soon grant that most des|r-[crackers a n d shouted: "Go IcaUed for a boycott of Sunday tire in church affairs, especial- FIRST JAPANESE -- The I that--I~e would be called "Won-[ Mystical Body of Christ, t h e that religious unity will become]able grace --- the union of the]home, nigger." Police arrested ]work and faithful observance of ly in the Catholic Youth Organ- first native Jananese Passion- [derful; God, the prince of]Church a fact and not remain an idle]separated churches around the]12 students and nine other per-lreligious duties, izatio~, he said. |st, Frater Augustine Paul ]peace." At His birth the Judean~ Seeks to Unite Men dream. The Ecumenical Move-/successor of St. Peter.'" ]sons, eight of whom were iden-I. The four schoolboys tried with Mi.:ss. Hunter's father .~s a Kunii, took his final vows as ] skies were filled with angelic[ Communism too seeks to unite went, t h e World ~crancll of[ Pray During Whole Year ]tiffed as members of me ~xu]the prms~ were repormaiy sen- ~em.oa.]s~ mm~ster and mu,~ar.y a religious January 16 at the ] iov and "oeace on earth " Jesus] all men through military might Churches, and other enterprises] It is well to pray for religious[Klux Klan. ]tenced to 10 years each. chaptam, u n a p t a ~ n ~twa].~ Passion|st Fathers'Seminary, [~-Ii'mself ])reached peace a n d[or political maneuvering or eco- throughout t h e non-Catholic]unity during the Chair of Unity[ As Miss Hunter was s p e dI Sudanese authorities refused Charles Hunter. He hves .m San Louisville, Ky. A native of ~ made it His special gift at the] nomic power. It too is evil be- world 'bear witness to the long-IOctave, Jan. 18-25, but it is bet-] away f r o m the campus she]to auow me m cover even Antonio, .xex .wHere ne ssea- Tottori-ken, Japan, he enter- ]Last Supper And St. Paul madelcause of its hatred, of God and ing that burns in men's hearts[ter to pray for unity during the]clutched d small statue of the]first stage of me trim m ucto- uonea .at ~.o~Ke t~enerm rms- ed the Passion|st Novitiate [Him the personification of His]its denial of man s rights It for religious unity. The latest]entire year. [Blessed Virgin. Iber. 'pitai a~ ~or~ ~am Houston. at St. Paul, Kansas, in 1956. ] own blessing-~"for he himself[ is in total conflict with the prin- meeting in San Francisco was[ He will be ordained in 1964. [is our peace. ]ciples and teachings of Christ further testimony of the agita-] ~ --- .-- -- -. ~.~ .I ~ ] King and Prince of Unity ] and His Church. tion stirring their souls. ] ~ ~ ~ ~ . ] ~ ~ w "rt . ~ "l [ Now if Christ is the king and] Meanwhile the desire for re- What Should Catholic Do? [ 1 r] dF] d[rl dF ! d r IF' eouests uaue ]prince of peace, He may also[ligious unity grows stronger What should the Catholic do?[~[ ~'~[,~,~ I ~/~'/~'~ 1 ~/~[~L~/~[.J~ ~/~,~ ~/ m ~ be called the king and prince of[ than ever Under the inspired W h a t is his responsibility] 1 o Home- l'arlsh/unity, The phrase may seem a[ leadership c~ Pope John Catho- towards this "most burning] ~ /little awkward, but i~ is surely[lies are more conscious of the problem of our times? His] ~ " ~ "Jr" 1 "/" "~ '!" ,~ 1 ROCKFORD --- S~. Vincent]valid. Jesus seeks to unite men|need of unity, of the Church s primary and essential task is to] ~ ' ~ .i,I U ~ "m,~ ] ~ ~ "'J ~ ~'!~ Jff'~ Home for Children, Freeport] to Himself on earth and to bring] mission to win back all t h e pray In the wOrds of St. Augus-I,~.~ ] ~ . ~. . tree " I con3ure you love '~,~.~ ,~ JL~i ~J/~ ~ ~ .Jl-~ W '% ~ J,*~V K.~ 41~ and St. Patrick church hereI them to eternal union in heaven ] separated brethren, and the re- " : . . . ",/ '~ F were named for bequests of $h00]The very purpose of His Church[sponsibility of the individual the Church, this Church; be ofI , an.d $100 respectively, in thelis to sanctify men, to unite[ Catholic to pray for unity. !thl: Churchr I or e. the. Good[ The author o] the ]allowing article on the Cuban situationI'the Cuban situation itself and[instance, between the original will of Charles E. Gartland, 90,]them to Himself and with each] Longing for Unity Greatest b pne a, pay tar the mspers-[against the background o~ the teachings o[ Father Francisco de, adds its weight to a quickly de-]sins of the people -- freedom retired Rockford mail carrierlother" This is the deepest kind| The spiritually estranged ofed sheep that they may also]vitoria is well versed in Latin American aHairs and has visited]teriorating regime ]from tyranny, a new social or- who died Christmas Day. [ of unity--the unity of superna-[ the warld, those outside t h e come, that they may recognize]Cuba many times, both be/ore and a#er the Castro revolution.[, "Phi, *h,~ Cuban re-olutionl der, economic independence-- Gartland was a charter mew- tural love. ]Church, long for unity with a:the voice of the Shepherd, that]Dominican Father de Vitoria (~480-1546) was a ]amed SpanisH] "'"~ ": ~ --7-'"" -- -- ~and the --attern of betra"al fol- her of Bishop Muldoon Council:[ Other forces seek for unity,]desire unmatched at any other ;they may be only one flock and[~heologian who started a move~e scholastic phi-lseems" Headed. vi O nen liowed b/the present lea~ers. ,t " tOSO n UltX,mu.y ~uwuuw ~ ~ Kmghts of Columbus ]not a umty of love but umtylperlod Thew awareness of dts ]one Shepherd Prayer xsthe[ P Y" I -] I ,~, ~.~ ;~ ,~o .~,~, ,~ o~ " - m~.v ~i,~n~ on** m inem ~.nem o.~ .o ~ olo~ ~ " need of every age" it is the[ Jaime Fonseea Itro 'by theOrganization oll"t"" Y"T" ~, ~ ",~ ,r ~.a lbehavior of Fidel Castro, the 11" lrll dTM ~ ~m ' . ' . "mvasmn j,~tcrs ~.~ u . ~ , greatest power g,ven to man.| The break of relations be-[Amerman States. Several gay-[ ["n~*;,~--1 hor,~' a~,ainst the tried tO WHip up tar ~ae ~mru "~ ~, lit can and must be used for the|tween Cuba and the Umted[ernments m Latm Amerma have],h~ ; n s 1.|schemmg of cool Che Guevara, I m ~O,I .~n~ ~ .dltttIOPOn~'P~ I crucial problem of ChristianlStates- precede8 by Peru andlangrily denounced already the["~'''" ?:'.~." to t!~: a ithe Soviet agent just returned m ~.~ i Unity" [probably followed soon by otherlCuban - sponsored efforts to[.~YSr~t~en~ t:v: n~,e um~ea ~m~es]from Moscow. lilt ] A Consuming Thirst ]Latin American nations--shows]spread the Castro conspiracy.[ " ! Ir L~~e scl~edulcd i Or as C a n o n Cristiani of[how deep communist penetra-lArgentina, Uruguay, P e r u,] Other signs are the inner con-] Divided Loyalties ~r uof Yam|Iv L~le In ] Lyons, who has l c(n g stud|edition can hurt the inter-Ameri-~Guatemala, Costa Rica, amonglflicts that Cuba suffers today[ Thirdly, there is the personal [Protestantism, tells us: "The]can system [them. -land by necessity seek a quick/conflict in every Cuban soul, of r outcome d~wded loyaltms as they open ] ~%revDt~d [[thi st for unity ought to con-[ The Americas are facing a] But more than inter-American[ J ;' "'" n | ~ tinue to devour us, t h a t we]threat to their traditional bends]in impact this isolation shattersl There is a tragic conflict, for/me~r eyes m me ned tyran y. I ----- r Ilought to pray incessantly thatlof friendship, international law[ ' ] The ones who chose theirevolu- ,~. ~/l".~u~~ 11~.-~1.-e.-~--~ [!our "common Master unite H.island cultural exchange. What is[.=.~ (~ t "1 It!on .ms) m 1.s a m Ot~lltl[l-UII, ItUU[kIUI-U I sheep in the same fold, that we]even worse, a Christian concept[l- ] het rt m .~ ~, ~o Yresent Aa [~Ie or aeamhngn~r~OFnS?o~7~m. " "of common destin and faith in'u'm'omm~k'~m'~ .L,tU, Ut~J ~ tror those w o re a y t m I M reh 12. 13.15. anJ 17. ilougnt to nave connaence m me].* "i it of may is heine, un J I- Itheir religious and patriotic be- me y " * lids th s rs a questmn of sub- I dermmed by such events " ' " " ' ]Altarl Dm Awards Feb. 12 I it,ing to a police state, or ~l AP~m~ u,In eIIec~, t~!e crOaK OI Soclall ~ o x rode flghtmg R, even agmnst power ! UttlUAL IlredempUon and econ m'c " -I ROCKFORD -- Annual Ad ford area may send their names[ " v " ~" stro mi oaasm weapons aria pro- i| |]pendence assumed by Ca" [Altar| De| Awards will be pre- to the Rev. Paul E Fry, assis-[ . hi - iI uchlll m[and his Soviet protectors haslsented to Boy Scouts from all f S* James Pro-]pa-g-'an .a mac ne.ry " i th ~.~ p~u~ ,~ ~. wna~ can Amermm, ~Jamoucs [| ~q~mllEm#Ulml~ |ldrxven a clever wedge n e~parts of the diocese by the Most r ~ Fo- 1" Bisho" Lo,e 'lminds of millions of citizens in[Rev. LOrdS T. Lane on Sunday, t;amearm. ~cou~s.m me ~,urorai~t~1 mh:gPoo~n CoU;s?t~;*g%nuin; I t-, l the Latin American countries.]Feb 12 in St James Pro-Cathe- area may send then" names to] S Sunday, January 29 |Are the,defenders of the un~ust[dr~" at 3:30"p.m. the Rev. Everett J. Hiller, as-[i ve *,~;eewa,~llmo)nt~g~n:oYl:*~ ,rove z p~p I 12:00 N o o n -- St. Joseph[ 'status of today right, or is/ Rockford scout mothers will sistant pastor of St. Joseph par-[ "~h Castro slo-an of L:uoa e g /church, Aurora. Fortieth Anni-lthe Cuban Revolution right. ]serve refreshments after the ish, Aurora. Scouts from any],~;~,~uerte" (Fatherland ve sary Observance of the Rev.[ Castro Conspiracy [awards ceremony, part of the diocese may send] v~,~ ;~ + ~ +i~ oh,~ ~Joseph J. Weitekamp. Pres,de.[ Some pomt to the dramahc[ Deadline for first class scouts thew names to the Rev. Char-|,Ao, [ 4:00p.m.--St. Man|ca Church, lbreak as a way to molate thelwho have been workmg for the [es W. Mc Namee, assists, t[ ~, u +h,~ Church nf [Carpentersvflle. Blessing of new]Marxist regime in Cuba and the[award to get their names in is pasto~ ~ St. Laurence parish,[ ]Par~h HaIL C~rffirmation. }eventual condemnation of C.~-IJanuary 2 5. Scouts in th8 Ro~t" " (Con$i~ued on pa~e 5)