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January 6, 1938     The Observer
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January 6, 1938

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A Catholio paper stimulates piety, a love ot Catholic ideals, and an interest in the activities of the Church of Christ. it makes for a gPeat advance In the- knowledge and tore of reiigiom (0h00rrurr The Official Organ of the Diocese of Rockford "You are my voice: I do not say that you make my voice heard, but that you are really my voice itself; for few in- deed would be the number of children of our common Father who could learn my wishes and thoughts without the aid of the Catholic Press."--Pius XI tc Catholic journalists. JANUARY 6, 1938 A WEEKLY JOURNAL DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH  VOL. Ill., NO. 6 The Note Book BY THE OBSERVER • A Pertinent Question and clemonstrating that hu- manity oscillates incessantly between the two poles of auth- ority and liberty without find- ing midway between these two extremes the way of true worth, the Cardinal Arch- bishop of Paris declared that the world possesses the means • Why Not Mediate? I AglOUBIOHflh :, Before a distinguished .ud-IflhbnDlOnur ience in the Theatre des .Am-[ bassadeurs, Paris, His Emin-[ Am ......... ence Jean Cardinal Verdier,[ IlL IlPnDIT[¢ Archbishop of Paris, delivered I [ JML;UDI/[.O an inspiring address on The] Church and Spiritua! Liberty [ IA h P I I |i I P IP I at the Present Hour. Keeping I |" I" I I N I / k II strictly to the spiritual plane, I |O llLUI|I/LM Convert Is Sch el ar Ands Leader Of Sect Ernakulam, India.--This Christ- of attaining this desired moral mas season the Catholic world has sphere. Iopportunity to rejoice over still Without underestimating" the another Jacobite Archbishop, Mar means of political, economic and 'oseph Severios, MetrQpolitan of ocial order, without which the fe- Neranam, becoming reunited wth und work of the Church herself the Catholic Church._, Moreover, it ould be almost barren, Cardinal is particularly significant that this Verdier pointed out the part that prelate is very widely noted as a the Church plays in the realization scholar and leader, and ruled Over of the new social order. "The the oldest Jacobite diocese in I Native Archbishop NEW ENVO AT VA ICAN] FA00C00I00M Catho]ic Women I]FEW MEXICAN FROM MONTREAL TO THE ARCTIC ICONTRARY TO Picket Congress CHILDREN IN I GOV SCHOOLSI New York, Dec. 27.--Carrying placards denouncing the meet- ing as radical-controlled, a score of Catholic women picketed the American Artists congress hel'd here last week• The pickets were members. 1)f the women'h auxiliary of the International Catholic Truth society. The placards they carried bore such slogans as "Keep the hammer and sickle out of Amer- ican art"; "Wake up, American Artists! Why be slaves of Com- munist Russia?" 'Boycott all magazines that employ Red ar- tists"; "Soviet Russia is the enemy of art"; and "American citizens will employ no Red artists." Many well-known Commun- ists and •Socialists attended the meeting. Despite many insults hurled at them by persons in at- tendance, the pickets stuck to their posts in front of Carnegie hall, where the meeting was held, and refused to be dis- turbed. F i g u t e s Show That School Facilities Are Lacking Mexico City. -- Official statis- tics presented by the minister of public education at the "Socialist I Days" meeting of 8,000 Mexican .teachers, show that only 48 per !cent of the school-age population i of Mexico is enrolled in the guy- ernment schools, due to lack of schools, and that of this number only 69 per cent attend regularly and only 8 per cent complete their courses. a These figures reveal the collapse of the revolutionary school pro- t July 4, 1930, the Sacred Oriental the transmission of obscene mat- general state religion, struction of the present political way," he said, "comprises the eter- Malabar. nal principles which she, the faith- This is a new fruit of the policy ful gurdian, teaches always and de-followed by the Oriental Cong DOWN CHURCH spite everything." gation at Vatican City, of broad gram in Mexico, a collapse that The first of these principles, His understanding of the position of can not be atrfibuted merely to the Eminence proclaimed, is the pre-i the Oriental churches and of 'eat The Rev Peter Dot To*¢,,,, ,, th lack of school facilities. Mexican eminence ofthehumanperson *'A i - °" ............ IRI" ERMA arent have bserv d remarkable fact" he stated " "is i sympathy wlth them. The present Japanese diocesan clergy, who has |VI p s o_ e and are ob- .• , !... ' . " . • ' .i conversion follows the earlier re- been appointed Ordinary for the re|[serving the meager fare set before tna a)l ..tne present.prontems, i Ii uniting with the Church of a dis- Archdiocesef Tokyo, the first na- I •/[their ch!ldren ]n the official schools one stumes tnem gzve i)rznczpm  m] u o J s z ....... ' . ._ ' ..... tinguished Jacobite Archbishop tive priest in Japan to be raised i mere ne "n f the cni u i a- place to tne rlgnts el tno ,nUlVlU " l ^r .... "" -" • "-^ -=::'- ^! and Bishop. to the dignity of an Archbishop. I tigued by the inculcation of useless ut , u .tuvlt JUtl' tu? llt ut • . He was ordained in 1921 and was " and impractical t h e o r i e s, and the human person. Let vs ,ollow I The specml correspondent at T1- f-rmerl-- -ecr ........ Nam O r , a n States lwhere even the scientific and tan ~ r . . . . o y s etary to me Most.  s- am:d n, Oma:S :gm f ti:hef:o?bIUaIoli Odfahe Malabar Mall_ the Rev. Paul Marella Apostolic Del- Procedure [ible instruction is inappropriate to . _ ,, ........ s p ........ ,.._ ]_ . c y .he 'spaper o[ .rna egate to lapan ] the age of the child. u LUU.Y ou LUU UUU ntuu rue prlU-lKUlUm, wired to nis paper: " I _ ,^ ,, , x 1 r .roposes e.s c'pal p oblem that the contempor-I .... "  ,- cry world ,resents and on the [ ".ar Joseph beverios B.A. Ja- Zurich Switzerland rNCJC A Luia ,Gutierrez an avowedly - other the solution that the ¢:hurch cobte Metropohtan of N erap_am D "   I  /  nrozram for the future of the Ger-] commumst teacher, has pubhshed offers." - and the other edavakas (parishes), |  |||   " man Church" which proclaims a an articl.e proposing the organiza- The right of the child to life islha, s started from here,today.for ira• |= As state religion and confiscation of] ti°n of "cells" composed of corn- the first ste,, discussed "The xmvanurum to meet Arcnoisnop La • • al, church -roert v b-" the state munist teachers and the peasant - . . . • 1  t-  J , child is scarcely conceived," HislMar Ivanlos z.n order to be, reunit- r|g||L U|| is announced in the Dec. 9 issue facti°n in the community-. She al- Emmenc o ed to the uatholc0Churcn so proposes that ]n rural commun • e p "nted out, "when al- - of the Nazi organ, Das Schwartze " " ready the Church protects his per-] Later in the day the Trivandrum ||  U  -'| Korps. The program follows: ities these cells be composed of sonality" whereas the world too corres-ondent ,e 'he sam .... er U- III IIllI-   ..... .: .... ,^, teachers pupils and the servant • " l  . . . " . .. class, unce organlzeu tnese cells (Contmued on page 6 column 6) Ite egraphed as folio's I -- I rehgmn to whzch all cltzzens ........ ' . ' .... ] • .r Iwl:" . .  ' woum De ulrecteu ny tne respec- I Thzs afternoon the Most Rex Vfash]ngton Geatl zncreased thout exceptmn are obhg ted  ] i • • ' -•- 'This reli ion'is based 00"th; rive s'ndicai secretar'at of the . .. IMar Severios Jacobite Metropoli-I activity on tile part of postal auth- I " g o #,nrnmittoo tn Which it oorro- • " " " e ........................... Id[ t v [tan of Neranam was received in-lorltles to curb the sendzllg of ob-I rev.latlon of God ]n nature, des- nonded to the Catholic Church by Mar lscene matter through the marls ]sItm, life and death of the peoples. Thi nrnnasnl th-t ,.r.. wh, III ! / Ivanios Archbishop of Trivan.inoted in the annual report of Post-' 2. The churches will be per- arerdce']\\;"in; -thei-r .al';ri' fr"m ,t ' .... o .......... • q drum.- -. . I master General James...&. _Frley. m) ex!st .as Pur ely•pr.vate the Mexican national treasury be • / I f0r 1937 lnstituuons lZ they suoorumate :__2 ..... .^. =_ .,._ , ..... ,_. • • . lllUO[pOItbU 1tl tll UILUHIL Stunning Bow ...... During 193 the report say themselves ]n sermon and teach-  .... I " " ' ' • ...... o t in f the part." and engage ]n actwztms It fll be rememoered that on 63 pel cent more mestt atlons of rags to tne oasm u c r es o ..... " " "g " which might well lead to the de- 3. The state refuses all coJpera- tion with the c hurches. It removes its protection from them and re- fuses the financial support hither- to paid to them. 4. The state confiscates all church property on the grounds that "this property was created through the joint coJperation of all citizens and in a period when state and church were still an en- tity." Convent schools and institu- tions and monastic settlements will therefore be disbanded. 5. Religious instruction in the churches will be conducted in the service of the state religion and will be given by teachers that have left the churches. In exceptional circumstances special instruction can be furnished for children re- maining in the Christian church by teachers who-are "ecclesiastical professionals." According to the Neue Zuercher Zeiting, the announcement of this "program" has aroused great ex- citement in Germany. The paper" points out the sorry situation of the remnant churches without church buildings, institutions, and most of its personnel, existing only on uncertain tolerance and suspect as "the carriers of subversive, im- moral activities" that "refuse co- operation in the reconstruction of the race community." The Berlin correspondent of the paper sees little alternative between exile and martyrdom for the churchmen who remain Christian• It is believed that this will be the program the government will follow while indulging in many denials. Catholic Educators Form Eastern Unit (By N.C./.C. News Service). Brookly. -- Organization of the Middle Atlantic States regional unit of sceondary schools of the National Catholic Ed-uC-ational as- sociation was effetccd at a meet-. ing here today of more than 400 Catholic educators from 55 schools in New York, New Jersey, Penn- sylvania, Maryland, Delaware and the District of Columbia. The Rev. Dr. John F. Ross, prin- cipal of the Bishop McDonnell Memorial high school here, wel- comed the delegates and explained the purpose of the organization was to improve administration curricula and other phases of Catholic education. The Rev. Joseph Ryan of St. John's university, here, was elect- ed chairman; Brother Benjamin of Baltimore, vice-president, and Sis- ter M. Lumena, _principal of St. Agnes' seminary hre, secretary. Social Worker, Is Named Bishop Sherbrooke, Que.--The Rt. Rev. Msgr. Phillipe Servule Desranleau, whose appointment as ¢oadjutor Bishop of Sherbrooke with right of succession was announced this week, is noted for his work tn Can- adian social problnls, especially those affecting Quebec. and social structure of the repub- lic has caused no little resentment. Deputy Jose Munoz Cota, who also holds a high post in the min- istry of public education, has pro- posed a bill which would float a loan of 50,000,000 pesos to con- struct schools in the federal dis- trict, replacing unsanitary.- and in- adequately equipped buildings• Excelsior ridicules this proposal of "the Communist Deputy Munoz Cota" asking "funds from the Cap- ital to build schools in which chil- dren may be taught that "the pro. letariat puts an end to its exploit- ers with the rifle." Holy See, the Ambassador of Bra- zil, and the death of an envoy who has been at the Papal court since i 1922, the Polish ambassador. Jose Bonifacio de Andrada Sil- va, Brazil's new ambassador to the Holy See, presented his credentials on Wednesday, at the same time giving expression to the devotion of his president and his people to the Holy Father• His Holiness senti his paternal blessing and good wishe to Brazil and its people. Following the Papal audience, the: Brazilian ambassador visited His Eminence Eugenio Cardinal Pacel- li, Papal secretary of state, and then went to the Vatican basilica. Wladislaw Skrzynski, Polish am- bassador to the :Holy See, died on Sunday. In the name of the Pope, Cardinal Pacelli telegraphed con- lences to the ambassador's wi- lT in Rome, and charged the "Papal nuncio at Warsaw to conve condolences to the Polish govern- menL Several Cardinals, members of the diplomatic corps and mem- bers of the Papal court attended the solemn funeral services for Ambassador Skrzynski held %'ed- nesday in the Gesu church in Rome. ter through the mails were auth- orized and 51 per cent more were made than in the fiscal year 1936. While these investigations were accompanied by an increase of only about 15 per cent in the num- ber of convicions obtained, many of the investigations brought about the discontinuance of the dealers' activities and because of this pro- secu[fon was not undertaken." 'As a result of this activity, the report states, "considerable matter of, pornographic character has been seized and criminal proceed- ngs instituted against those re- sponsible for the deposit of such matter in the mails." 'While the number of periodicals with indecent contents seeking ad- mission to the mails increased to some extent," the report says, "there was a notable decrease in the amount-of literature advertis- ing books of a questionable char- acter. "Through coSperation with other agencies of the government the de- partment has confiscated consider- able literature advertising obscene books and pictures addressed to residents of the United States by foreign dealers ,in indecent mat- ter." Again noting that it is apparent that a good deal of obscene mat- ter is transported by facilities oth- er than the mails, the postmaster general once more appealed for strict enforcement of state laws forbidding the .sale and display of indecent publications and pictures. Congregation decreed that two Death Claims P o 1 i s h Malabar Jacobite prelates, Arch- A_L .... a__ Ibishop Mar Ivanios and Bishop lIlIOPlISi41..l()f Mar Theophilos, could be received I into the Catholic Church, keeping xtrt{t,. O'h, WOt" a,, l their rite and status. On Sept• 20, • " '?- :''--. ......... .'-I 1930 these two Bishops were re- ]ng which Hm Hohness Pope Pms l . ' ......... XI received the heads of various ce]veu.lnto tne communion, m the d'plo "c " s'o s acc ed'ted to . -" . " • l matt mzs ] n r ] Catholic Church b Bishop Aloys the Holy See for the presentation ms Benzlger, as sub-delegate of of their seasonal good wishes, saw] His Excellency Archbishop Edward the arrival of one new envoy to the! Mooney. Apostolic Delegate to the East Indies, now Archbishop of Detroit. ' Perhaps it would be too much to expect a rush of converts in the wake of the reunion of'the Arch- bishop. Conversion is God's work in individual souls. Still the re- union of an Archbishop who was actually ruling a Jacobite diocese, and that the oldest in Malabar, is a further stunning blow to the Ja- cobite Church, which has not yet recovered from the effects of the reunion of Mar Ivanios and Mar Theophilos. These two were, how- ever, members of an_ order, the Imitation of Christ, and had not under them old Jacobite parishes, except those started by them, and in this respect the present reunion differs much from that of the others. Going Romeward Moreover, the Jacobite Bishops' party known as the Orthodox church, under the Catholicos, has now only two more" bishops left, Mar Philoxenos and Mar Gregor- los, and two bishops are not suf- ficient to consecrate the Catholicos if the present incumbent were to pass off suddenly. Also, it is strongly rumored that one of the remaining bishops will soon be go- India State Leader o Romeward• All this comes at a time when Mar Athanasius, the Jacobite Me- Praises Work In tropolitan loyal to the Patriarch, has decided to file a suit for the I recovery of the churches in the Christian ,.o Ctholicos and dl*l[llO his part)'. This will plunge the Ja- cobite church in Malabar into liti- " gation for years, as the party of Bombay.--The Minister of Edu- the Catholicos is richer, and more influential and more educated than the others. OFFICIAL Bishop Lectures In Vera Cruz BY CHARLES BEtrlCO (Mexico City Correspondent. N.C.'W.C. News Service) Mexico City': -- There is a certain significance in the fact that the Most Rev. Rafael Guizar y Valencia, Bishop of Vera Cruz is being permitted to give a series of religious lectures at Cordoba in the State of Vera Cruz. Bishop Guizar, who for a number of years has been forced to remain outside his see and has resided at Mexico City, returned to Vera Cruz. His return was inconspicuous and, at his special request, no public de- monstrations were held in his hon- or. However, upon his arrival at Cordoba on Dec. 19, there was a great crowd of people at the sta- tion to receive him with great acclaim. So far as is known, the Bishop of Vera Cruz has not been author- ized by state officials to perform the regular functions of a priest or bishop. DOCTRINE, HE TELLS CONFAB Addresses American Sociological Society (133" N.C.'W.C. News Service). Atlantic City.-- The relation of The motor ship "M. F. Therese," used each summer by Pere Artheme Catholicism to Fascism, Commun- Dutilly, missionary, priest-botanist of the Arctic, as he carries out his ism and Democracy was discussed missionary labors among the Eskimos and collects samples of plants, by the at. Rev. Msgr. John A. soils and weapons and tools of earlier civilizations for the LateranRyan of the Catholic University of Museum at Vatican City• Inserts are His Holiness, Plus XI, who en-IAmerica ' director of tl N. C. V;. couraged the addition of the scientific to the missionary work, the[c department of social action in Most Rev. Arsene Turquetil, Father Dutilly's ecclesiastical superior,[a n addres to the annual meeting Captain Joseph Levesque of the steel-hulled, Rotterdam built, "The-In f the American Sociological so- rese" which makes a voyage fl'om Montreal to the lonely Arctic mis-I cietv her ^ last Thursday sionary outposts each summer, and a map of the Canadian eastern l "   " :" At the outet Monsignor yan Arctic, the region the mLsionaries serve with the Papal flag and ob-I   , " late missionary emblem, quoted a passage from Pope Leo M C i any onvers ons r Angelicanism____ rrec :ted Philadelphia. -- The American vert predict a continuou stream of Catholic Historical association clos-conversions from Anglicanism. ed its eighteenth annual conve.n- i The American Catholic Histor- tlon here today during which It ical society of this city was host elected o.fficers i tended a .receP-lt o the convention, hich was held tlon to Hs Eminence Dennis Car- Ihere this year t6 lnark the sesqui- dinal Dougherty, Archbishop oflcentennial of the U. S. Constitu- Philadelphia and honorary chair-ltion. man of the assemblage; I The program brought together heard the Cathohc Press highly'  - - - - ! prom'nent scholars from among the commended and the secular press!clergy and laity who presented sig- severely criticized for their respec- nificant paper on various phases five treatments of news from Spain, of American history and current and listened to a distinguished con- events , • Catholic Press Praised T T  TI . i In an address that has caused . , lneater widespread discussion the Rex'. Dr. • Joseph F. Thorning, of Mt. St. /"  .1 1" Mary's College, Emmitsburg, Md., k,IVC$ k_,a[FIOllC declared that "one of the bright- est spots in the Spanish situation T| .  i has been tile success of the Catho- • llav kLlrVCVilis Press, led by" the N. : V¢: C. ........... [ • . . J ;J News Service, In securing accur- New York.--A comprehensive survey of Catholic drama was re- leased here today" by the National Service Bureau, play and produc-i tion clearing house of Federal theatre. Twenty playwrights of interna- tional reputation and various re- ligious affiliations appear on the listing, which is the first of three Catholic drama catalogues to be published by" Federal theatre. Al- together 95 titles appear on the initial tabulations and of these there are 25 plays from 20 play- wrights that have received profes- sional production and critical rec- ognition throughout the world. Emmet Lavery. author of "The First Legion" and "Monsignor's Hour," and at present director of the Play Department of Federal: theatre, contributes a preIace tel t the listing in which he expresses the appreciation of Federal theatre to Catholic organizations through- out the world for their assistance especially the Catholic Theatre con- ference. Prominent on the list are: Philip Barry's "The Joyous Sea- son," pre:luced in New York by i Arthur Hopkins with Lillian Gishl in the leading role; Marcus Bach's "Within These Walls," produced by the Federal theatre in hicago; Paul Claudel's "The Tidings Brought to Mary," produced in New York by the Theatre guild; ate, adequate and interesting news about both sides in the civil wtr in Spain." "The news as reported in the Catholic Press may not always have been sensational." Dr. Thorning said, "but it was authentic." "It is a satisfaction to know that at least one news syndicate," he said in referring to the N. C. W. C. Ne's Service. "did not suc- cumb to what Sir Walter Maxrell Scott called 'the enormous power of modern propaganda' which has the 'rest of the world absolutely hoodwinked'." The Rt. Rev. Msgr. Edward F. Hawks, of this city, a distinguished convert who was formerly an Episcopalian minister and World war chaplain, predicted "a con- tinuous stream of converts from the Church of England." "I believe," he said, "that with the strt%gie between Christianity and Communism coming to a cli- max, irge umbers of Christians from nil dnominations wi:i return iucreasingly toward Church unity." le remarked that recently 1,0001 clergymen in England made the statement that they believed the Pope is "the infallible head of the Church universal." Brian Doherty's "Father Malachy's Miracle," produced in New York this season by Del@s Chappell; John Drinkwater's "A Man's House," produced at the Malvern festival in England by Sir Barry Jackson; .T.S. Eliot's "'Murder in the Cathedral," produced in Eng- The Chancery Olli,.:e wishe to fully cooperate with the United States Department of Com- merce Bureau of Census, and requests all pastors ,vho have not already forwarded te sohed- ule sent out several weeks ago to make out same and forward it directly to the D--purtment of Colnmerce at their earliest con venience. Very Rev. Msgr. F. J. Conron Chancellor. Typhoon Wrecks 20 Churehes in E. China Some of the churches were com- pletely unroofed, and some other buildings practically levelled to the ground. A tidal wave swept over a large section of the coast .and covered the fields with mud that makes tillage impossible this sea- son. Neither rice nor potatoes can be sown. and as the fishing boats dare not go out for fear of aerial attacks, the people are faced with the threat of starvation. The priests of the vicariates give harrowing accounts of the destitu- tion of 'many of the people, and report that several famiies are try- ing to sell their children in order to save them and the rest of the family from starvation. cation in the Government of His Highness the Nizam of Haiderabad, epeaking on the occasion of the Annual Sports at the All Souls' high school, Haiderabad, paid a glowing tribute to the educational work done at All Souls' in particu- lar, and by Christian schools in general. The' following extract from the speech will give an idea of thc esteem in which Catholic and Chris- tian schools are held by the Gov- ernment authorities: I "Christian schools in the midst I of our different spiritual commun- I tries are a tower of strength to the I education department. They do a I great deal of work that would othq erwise have fallen to the Govern- ment to do. There is no'Govern- 1 ment in the world which can un- I dertake to do all the work that is] required, and Christian schools help[ a great deal in this by providing[ secondary, and sometimes also pri- i mary education . . . I hope that l Hung Kong.- Many weeks after it occurred, news has reached here of a disastrous typhoon which hit the eastern part of the coast of Kwangtung province• It destroyed all the roads and all telegraph communications, and since boats were unable, on account of the war. to move along the coast, no news of the effects of the typhoon reached Hung Kong for'over three weeks. Then it became known that thousands of lives were lost, and tens of thousands were left home- less. land by Ashley Dukes and in New York by Federal theatre; Henri Gheon's "Comedian," "Marvelous Fort Wayne Bishop History' of St. Bernard," "Marriage of St. Francis," produced in Paris by Gheon; Mr. Lavery's "First Leg- Bans Alcohol Use ion," produced in New York hy Bert Lyte!l, also in Rome, Prague, Zurich, London, Vienna, Budapest; at'" Parish " " I Lavery's "Monsignor's Hour," pro- 3nClalSlduced by the Josefstadt in Vienna ,,vw and the Magyar Szinhaz in Buda- " )est. your communRy will continue to] The part that suffered most is cooperate and direct our hands in l the eastern section of Hong Kong the gret educational work that I vicariate. Twenty churches or oth-. you in cooperation with us can|er mission buildings were either perform." |w h o I I y or partially destroyed. / American Nun XIII's encyclical "On the Christian Constitution of States," saying it shows "that more than one form of government may be satisfactory to Catholicism" and that "the only important limitation is that the policy must be conducive to the general welfare." Describing Fascism, in its po!i- tical constitution, as " a dictator- ship, tempered by some of the aP- pearances of popular representa- tion," Monsignor Ryan quoted from an authoritative presentation of the "inner essence" of Fascism which says ultimate political pow- er cannot safely be entrusted to the masses; that normal control of the commonwealth should be in the hands of "a selected elite." Conditions are Stated "Is such a constitution contrary to Catholic teaching?" -Monsignor Ryan asked. "The answer is ot easy nor simple: If the Fascist government promotes the common good to a reasonable degree, it at- tains the true end of tht state. On the other hand, if it has been im- posed by force, and f it operates without the consent of the ma- jority or of the 'greater and saner part,' of the community, it seems to exemplify the immoral exercise of violence. WhenCe do the Fascist 'elite' derive the right to rule over an unwilling majority? Only two possible sources are conceivable: the inability of the community to provide or sustain any other re- gime which would promote ade- quately the common good; or the injury which the community would suffer from an attempt to over- throw the Fascist regime by force. It would be difficult to prove that the first condition is verified in present-day Italy• The second may be a fact. On the other hand, if the majority or the 'greater and saner part' of the people acquiesce in the rule of a self-chosen elite, a ruling class which is tolerably efficient, there seems to be no way of proving that such a government is contrary either to Catholicism or to right reason•" Saying that the state's attitude toward the human beings who are its members is more important than its •political constitution, Mon- signor Ryan quoted a Fascist auth- ority as saying: "For Fascism, so- ciety is an end, individuals the means and its whole life consists in using individuals as instruments for its social ends .... Individual rights are recognized only insofar Tells of Piety as they are implied in the rights of the state." "Although the Fas- "IT ] cist government includes certain Of La ra nonlrl appearances of representative gov- -" ernment," Monsignor Ryan added, - , "it is in reality a dictatorship. This Erie, Pa.--By a coinciuence, a'ldictatorship is to be preserved by letter has just been received here ...... ^ , • " h h " pruvs- -- possible, by violence from an Amemcan nun in S ang al .. X telling of the heroic piety of Lo'],'ect:Celsary. Finally, Fascism re- J Pa Hung, great Chinese Catholic • . of speech, of the philanthropist, who was since slain press' of assembly and of political by an assassin in Shanghai. opposition." In a letter to the Most Rev. Contrary to Catholicism John Mark Gannon, Bishop of Erie, "All these attitudes and prin- Sister Mary Augusta Hock, of ciples are contrary to Catholic Meadeville, Pa., one of nine Ameri- doct/rine, '' Monsignor Ryan said• can Sisters of Maryknoll stationel at Mercy hospital, Pet Chino, ten miles from Shanghai. writes: [ "Mr. Lo Pa Hung has suffered[ much during this time. His finan- cial and material losses must be tremendous: yet he goe on: going[ daily to the front or visiting hos-] pitals, baptizing the dying soldiers 1 or the war refugees, victims of the[ :fighting. He is always thinking of I souls, souls, of brining the Light[ to them before them pass on." Fort Wayne, Ind.--Alcoholic bev- erages have been banned at parish social functions and at all events sponsored by Catholic church so- cieties, in a decree issued by the Most Rev. John F. Nell, Bishop of the Fort Wayne Catholic diocese. The ban applies not only to af- fairs conducted in churches and parish halls, but to functions spun-! sored by church societies away from church buildings or grounds. The decree also applies to wedding parties in parish halls and includes beer as an alcoholic stimulant. "Even if we be in no way com- mitted to the philosophy of prohi- bition," the Bishop's decree reads, "we must be committed to the philosophy of temperance and to a right sense of propriety. But to settle that matter let me herewith decree that no intoxicating liquors may be sold under church auspices or at socials or dances conducted by Catholic societies." Consecrate 1st Native Japanese Arehbishop Tokyo.--Msgr. Peter Tatsuo Dot, archbishop-elect of Tokyo, will be consecrated on Feb. 5, the Feast of the Japanese Martyrs. The announcement " of his aP- pointment as the first native Arch- bishop of Japan came on th Feast of St. Francis Xavier, first mission- ary to preach the Catholic religion in the Island empire. It has been received with wide and joyous ac- claim, as auguring well for the de- velopment of the Church here. Archbishop-elect Dot was born on Christmas day In t892 at Sen- dal, the university city in north- [east Japan• His grandfather was an authentic "samurai." He was or- I dained in and after Japan serving l in various places was placed in charge )f the Wakamatsu district. :Later Archbishop-elect Dot was named secretary of the Apostolic Delegation. His great prudece, gentleness, tact and firmness htve won him general esteem. In 1858 the Tokyo region re- ceived its first missionaries. They belonged to the Societe des Mis- sions-Etraneres de Paris• In 176 Japan was divided into two apos- tolic vicarages, the north having its .see in Tokyo. "Catholicism holds that the state exists for the individual, rather than the individual for the state. It holds that the individual has certain natural rights which the state may not disregard. Among these rights are those of life and a reasonable amount of liberty of movement, speech, writing and assembly." "While is would be difficult to prove that the economic institu- tions of Fascism directly conflict with specific principles of Cathol- icism," Monsignor Ryan said, "it is evident that they are not in har- mony with Catholic social thought and traditions. The spirit of these is democratic and local rather than dictatorial and centralized." "In the field of international re- lations." he added. "Fascism cher- ishes and promotes a : .:ze o na- tionalism which is incompatible with the doctrine and practice of Christiain brotherhood .... As an almost necessary corollary o fthe doctrine of nationaism which it professes, Fascism believes in war as a normal means of promoting national welfare and national ag- grandizement. The immorality of all this is obvious." ! Germany Not Fascist "Although the term Fascism can- not properly be appliel ,to the poli- tical regime now established in Germany," Monsignor Ryan said, (Continued, on page 5, column )